Because Costa Rica is home to 6% of the world’s biodiversity, the country has declared 25% of its territory as national parks, protected areas or reserves.
There are 27 national parks, 2 of which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites: Isla del Coco National Park (1997) and Guanacaste National Park (1999).
58 refuges, 32 protected areas, 15 swampy wetlands, 11 forest reserves and 8 biological reserves complete the picture. The Amistad Reserve (1983), shared with Panama, has also been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Costa Rica, a country blessed by the Gods, protects over 13,000 km² of natural land and marine areas.
Fauna and flora in numbers:
- 10,000 plants and trees,
- 850 sedentary and migratory bird species,
- 205 mammals